Before the anniversary recedes from this week into last, let’s take a minute to remember June 2, 1924, when Calvin Coolidge signed the Indian Citizenship Act. Here’s a quick summary from nebraskastudies.org
Until the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924, Indians occupied an unusual status under federal law. Some had acquired citizenship by marrying white men. Others received citizenship through military service, by receipt of allotments, or through special treaties or special statutes. But many were still not citizens, and they were barred from the ordinary processes of naturalization open to foreigners. Congress took what some saw as the final step on June 2, 1924 and granted citizenship to all Native Americans born in the United States.